The Common Assessment Framework (CAF)
process was developed for practitioners from a range of backgrounds to gather
and assess information in relation to a child's needs in development, parenting,
and the family environment.
After gaining consent from the child/family to share information gathered from discussions, the initial task for a practitioner is to advise other relevant service practitioners to come together in a team to assess those needs and decide with the child/family a course of action to provide the services needed.
A Team Around the Child (TAC) is a multi-disciplinary team of practitioners established on a case-by-case basis to support a child and their family.
The TAC supports particular
elements of good professional practice in working, information sharing and
early intervention. It is a model of service delivery that involves: a joined-up
assessment, usually a CAF,
a lead professional
to co-ordinate the work, the child and family at
the centre of the process, a virtual or flexible
multi-agency team that will change according to needs, coordination at the point of delivery, a TAC support plan to meet the needs of the child, and regular meetings which the child and family are invited to attend.
feeding and under 5s ASD panel
environment with limited play
and learning experiences
range of sensory and play
every six weeks.
relationships within family.
family visit setting every six weeks
to observe their child at play.
In some local areas the TAC is enlarged
to become a Team Around the Family (TAF)
when dealing with families, a Team Around the School (TAS)
where all the children with additional needs in a school are helped, or
a Team Around the House (TAH)
when dealing with children in a home or facility.
Visit the Department of Education webpage on
The Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS)
is a specialist service which works at service tier level 3 and across tiers
1 and 2. The team is multi-disciplinary, which means clinicians come from
a range of clinical and professional backgrounds.
Read this document for a description of service tier levels (see, in particular, page 8).
CAMHS teams are
broadly made up of play therapists, psychiatrists, psychologists,
family therapists, psychotherapists, art therapists, music therapists, occupational
therapists and nurses.
Have a look at this website to see what the framework offers.
The way in which services for children and young people with SEN or who are disabled are funded will facilitate integrated
approaches by local professionals.
SEN Green Paper, 2011
Think about the range of professionals involved in the care and support of children with complex learning difficulties and disabilities that you are involved with and make a list of them.
Limbrick, P. (2005) Early Support of children with complex needs team around the child & the multi-agency keyworker. Worcester: Interconnections.