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Level D
Insights from neuroscience
A smiling boy lies on the ground
                  playing with a toy digger
About this module
An English lesson in progress

Level D builds on what has been learned at levels B and C.

Level B of this module introduces how the brain works and the neurological conditions children with SLD/PMLD/CLDD may have.

Level C explores the adolescent brain, how the brain develops and can change, the affect of learning on the brain and how teaching can affect working memory.

Level D looks at how to keep up to date with developments in neuroscience and offers a 5 phase school development process to improve practice based on evidence from neuroscience and other effective practice.

Learning outcomes
An English lesson in progress

The materials in this level are intended to provide those working with children with SLD/PMLD/CLDD the tools to be able to:

  • Take a critical approach to the application of neuroscience in Special Education; and
  • Lead on the development of complex needs pedagogy at both the classroom and school level.
Teachers' standards

Details of the professional standards that apply to all teachers in England can be obtained from the Department for Education website. These standards apply to all teachers regardless of their career stage and all aspects of the standards are relevant to teachers working with children with special educational needs.


Department for Education Teachers' Standards 2011

Teachers Standards Cover
Special Educational Needs

As defined by the Department for Education Special Educational Needs Code of Practice (2001), children have special educational needs if they have a learning difficulty which calls for special educational provision to be made for them.

Children have a learning difficulty if they have:

  • A significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of children of the same age, or
  • A disability which prevents or hinders them from making use of educational facilities of a kind generally provided for children of the same age in schools within the area of the local education authority.

With thanks to the professionals who contributed to this module:


Module Content

Dr Rona Tutt, OBE, SEN Consultant, Speaker and Writer, National Association of Head Teachers
Professor Amanda Kirby, Medical Director, The Dyscovery Centre, University of Wales, Newport
Annie Grant, Independent Consultant


All modules produced by The Schools Network and
Real Group (UK) Ltd for the Training Development Agency for Schools (TDA).


Editorial Team

Dr Mark Turner, Real Group (UK) Ltd
Professor Hilary Constable, The Schools Network
Jo Egerton, The Schools Network
Anne Fowlie, The Schools Network
John Truman, The Schools Network
Annie Grant, Independent Consultant

Production and Design

Jonathan Bond, Real Group (UK) Ltd
Colm Gibson, Real Group (UK) Ltd
David Hutter, Real Group (UK) Ltd
Ruth Earl, Real Group (UK) Ltd


Video, Audio and Photography

Atomic Productions


Project Management

Professor Barry Carpenter, The Schools Network
Alan Macgregor, Real Group (UK) Ltd
Sylvia Paddock, The Schools Network
Dr Mark Turner, Real Group (UK) Ltd
Caroline Ward, The Schools Network


Thanks to all the children, parents, carers, assistants and teachers for their involvement.